在Ocelot中使用自定义的中间件(二)

By | 2020年2月24日

在上文中,我介绍了如何在Ocelot中使用自定义的中间件来修改下游服务的response body。今天,我们再扩展一下设计,让我们自己设计的中间件变得更为通用,使其能够应用在不同的Route上。比如,我们可以设计一个通用的替换response body的中间件,然后将其应用在多个Route上。

Ocelot的配置文件

我们可以将Ocelot的配置信息写在appsettings.json中,当然也可以将其放在单独的json文件里,然后通过ConfigureAppConfiguration的调用,将单独的json文件添加到配置系统中。无论如何,基于JSON文件的Ocelot配置都是可以加入我们自定义的内容的,基于数据库的或者其它存储的配置文件信息或许扩展起来并不方便,因此,使用JSON文件作为配置源还是一个不错的选择。比如,我们可以在ReRoute的某个配置中添加以下内容:

{
  "DownstreamPathTemplate": "/api/themes",
  "DownstreamScheme": "http",
  "DownstreamHostAndPorts": [
    {
      "Host": "localhost",
      "Port": 5010
    }
  ],
  "UpstreamPathTemplate": "/themes-api/themes",
  "UpstreamHttpMethod": [ "Get" ],
  "CustomMiddlewares": [
    {
      "Name": "themeCssMinUrlReplacer",
      "Enabled": true,
      "Config": {
        "replacementTemplate": "/themes-api/theme-css/{name}"
      }
    }
  ]
}

然后就需要有一个方法能够解析这部分配置内容。为了方便处理,可以增加以下配置Model,专门存放CustomMiddlewares下的配置信息:

public class CustomMiddlewareConfiguration
{
    public string DownstreamPathTemplate { get; set; }
    public string UpstreamPathTemplate { get; set; }
    public int ReRouteConfigurationIndex { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public bool Enabled { get; set; }
    public Dictionary<string, object> Config { get; set; }
}

然后定义下面的扩展方法,用以从IConfiguration对象中解析出所有的CustomMiddleware的配置信息:

public static IEnumerable<CustomMiddlewareConfiguration> GetCustomMiddlewareConfigurations(this IConfiguration config)
{
    var reRoutesConfigSection = config.GetSection("ReRoutes");
    if (reRoutesConfigSection.Exists())
    {
        var reRoutesConfigList = reRoutesConfigSection.GetChildren();
        for (var idx = 0; idx < reRoutesConfigList.Count(); idx++)
        {
            var reRouteConfigSection = reRoutesConfigList.ElementAt(idx);
            var upstreamPathTemplate = reRouteConfigSection.GetSection("UpstreamPathTemplate").Value;
            var downstreamPathTemplate = reRouteConfigSection.GetSection("DownstreamPathTemplate").Value;
            var customMidwareConfigSection = reRouteConfigSection.GetSection("CustomMiddlewares");
            if (customMidwareConfigSection.Exists())
            {
                var customMidwareConfigList = customMidwareConfigSection.GetChildren();
                foreach (var customMidwareConfig in customMidwareConfigList)
                {
                    var customMiddlewareConfiguration = customMidwareConfig.Get<CustomMiddlewareConfiguration>();
                    customMiddlewareConfiguration.UpstreamPathTemplate = upstreamPathTemplate;
                    customMiddlewareConfiguration.DownstreamPathTemplate = downstreamPathTemplate;
                    customMiddlewareConfiguration.ReRouteConfigurationIndex = idx;
                    yield return customMiddlewareConfiguration;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    yield break;
}

CustomMiddleware基类

为了提高程序员的开发体验,我们引入CustomMiddleware基类,在Invoke方法中,CustomMiddleware对象会读取所有的CustomMiddleware配置信息,并找到属于当前ReRoute的CustomMiddleware配置信息,从而决定当前的CustomMiddleware是否应该被执行。相关代码如下:

public abstract class CustomMiddleware : OcelotMiddleware
{
    #region Private Fields

    private readonly ICustomMiddlewareConfigurationManager customMiddlewareConfigurationManager;
    private readonly OcelotRequestDelegate next;

    #endregion Private Fields

    #region Protected Constructors

    protected CustomMiddleware(OcelotRequestDelegate next,
        ICustomMiddlewareConfigurationManager customMiddlewareConfigurationManager,
        IOcelotLogger logger) : base(logger)
    {
        this.next = next;
        this.customMiddlewareConfigurationManager = customMiddlewareConfigurationManager;
    }

    #endregion Protected Constructors

    #region Public Methods

    public async Task Invoke(DownstreamContext context)
    {
        var customMiddlewareConfigurations = from cmc in this
                                                .customMiddlewareConfigurationManager
                                                .GetCustomMiddlewareConfigurations()
                                             where cmc.DownstreamPathTemplate == context
                                                    .DownstreamReRoute
                                                    .DownstreamPathTemplate
                                                    .Value &&
                                                   cmc.UpstreamPathTemplate == context
                                                    .DownstreamReRoute
                                                    .UpstreamPathTemplate
                                                    .OriginalValue
                                             select cmc;

        var thisMiddlewareName = this.GetType().GetCustomAttribute<CustomMiddlewareAttribute>(false)?.Name;
        var customMiddlewareConfiguration = customMiddlewareConfigurations.FirstOrDefault(x => x.Name == thisMiddlewareName);
        if (customMiddlewareConfiguration?.Enabled ?? false)
        {
            await this.DoInvoke(context, customMiddlewareConfiguration);
        }

        await this.next(context);
    }

    #endregion Public Methods

    #region Protected Methods

    protected abstract Task DoInvoke(DownstreamContext context, CustomMiddlewareConfiguration configuration);

    #endregion Protected Methods
}

接下来就简单了,只需要让自定义的Ocelot中间件继承于CustomMiddleware基类就行了,当然,为了解耦类型名称与中间件名称,使用一个自定义的CustomMiddlewareAttribute:

[CustomMiddleware("themeCssMinUrlReplacer")]
public class ThemeCssMinUrlReplacer : CustomMiddleware
{
    private readonly Regex regex = new Regex(@"\w+://[a-zA-Z0-9]+(\:\d+)?/themes/(?<theme_name>[a-zA-Z0-9_]+)/bootstrap.min.css");
    public ThemeCssMinUrlReplacer(OcelotRequestDelegate next,
        ICustomMiddlewareConfigurationManager customMiddlewareConfigurationManager,
        IOcelotLoggerFactory loggerFactory) 
        : base(next, customMiddlewareConfigurationManager, loggerFactory.CreateLogger<ThemeCssMinUrlReplacer>())
    {
    }

    protected override async Task DoInvoke(DownstreamContext context, CustomMiddlewareConfiguration configuration)
    {
        var downstreamResponseString = await context.DownstreamResponse.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
        var downstreamResponseJson = JObject.Parse(downstreamResponseString);
        var themesArray = (JArray)downstreamResponseJson["themes"];
        foreach(var token in themesArray)
        {
            var cssMinToken = token["cssMin"];
            var cssMinValue = cssMinToken.Value<string>();
            if (regex.IsMatch(cssMinValue))
            {
                var themeName = regex.Match(cssMinValue).Groups["theme_name"].Value;
                var replacementTemplate = configuration.Config["replacementTemplate"].ToString();
                var replacement = $"{context.HttpContext.Request.Scheme}://{context.HttpContext.Request.Host}{replacementTemplate}"
                    .Replace("{name}", themeName);
                cssMinToken.Replace(replacement);
            }
        }

        context.DownstreamResponse = new DownstreamResponse(
            new StringContent(downstreamResponseJson.ToString(Formatting.None), Encoding.UTF8, "application/json"),
            context.DownstreamResponse.StatusCode, context.DownstreamResponse.Headers, context.DownstreamResponse.ReasonPhrase);
    }
}

自定义中间件的注册

在上文介绍的BuildCustomOcelotPipeline扩展方法中,加入以下几行,就完成所有自定义中间件的注册:

var customMiddlewareTypes = from type in typeof(Startup).Assembly.GetTypes()
                            where type.BaseType == typeof(CustomMiddleware) && 
                                  type.IsDefined(typeof(CustomMiddlewareAttribute), false)
                            select type;
foreach (var customMiddlewareType in customMiddlewareTypes)
{
    builder.UseMiddleware(customMiddlewareType);
}

当然,app.UseOcelot的调用要调整为:

app.UseOcelot((b, c) => b.BuildCustomOcelotPipeline(c).Build()).Wait();

运行

重新运行API网关,得到结果跟之前的一样。所不同的是,我们可以将ThemeCssMinUrlReplacer在其它的ReRoute配置上重用了。

image

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
(总访问量:69;当日访问量:1)

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

此站点使用Akismet来减少垃圾评论。了解我们如何处理您的评论数据